1876 Stone Lithograph Khosrau I Chosroes Anushirvan Anushirwan Philosopher XHA5


This is an original 1876 black and white stone lithograph of Khosrau I, alternately known as Chosroës I or Anushirvan (Anushirwan) the Just. This rock relief illustrates how revered he was by the people and reviled by the ruling classes. Considered to be the closest the Sassanian Empire had to a philosopher king, his rule was long and influential, but ultimately his influence decimated in a short period of time after his death.

Thought to be one of the greatest Sassanid Emperors, he was known as a Shahanshah, or Great King. He affected reform in all facets of the Persian influence. Most notably, for a short period of time, he returned the power base to Shah; a move that would ultimately be overturned by his immediate predecessor Hormizd IV due to anger from local officials and noble families.

Notice how each section of this print represents a different class of people from the Roman and Sassanian Empires and illustrates their varied opinions on the Shahanshah, whether they bring gifts and exaltations or swords and anger.

Please note the blind emboss in the bottom right corner.


This 135+ year old Item is rated Near Mint / Very Fine. Light aging throughout. No creases. No natural defects. No surface rub. No tears. No water damage. Please note that there is part of a blind emboss in the bottom right corner.

  • Product Type: Original Lithograph; Black / White
  • Grade: Near Mint / Very Fine
  • Dimensions: Approximately 8 x 4.75 inches; 20 x 12 cm
  • Authentication: Serial-Numbered Certificate of Authenticity w/ Full Provenance
  • Protection: Packaged in a custom archival sleeve with an acid-free black board (great for display, gift-giving, and preservation)

Keywords specific to this image: Shahanshah, Great King, Hormizd IV, Noble Families, Elephant, banner, swords, stone relief, Bishapur, Sassanid Empire, Sassanian Empire, Persia, Iran, Middle East, pax perpetuum, Justinian war, Roman Empire, Byzantine Empire