1904 Heliogravure Hoopa Valley Indian Games Kin Spearing Mikitukutc Yademil XGZ7


This is an original 1904 black and white heliogravure of pieces from games played by the Hoopa Valley Indians.

Top: Sticks from a guessing game called Kiñ. The goal is to guess where the stick with the dark band is after the sticks were shuffled and put into boxes.

Center Left: A spearing game made out of tufts of fur, salmon vertebra, twine and a tuft of fur.

Center Right: A dice game played by women where points are awarded depending on which side of the dice made of mussel shell land upward.

Bottom: A stick and shuttle used in a game very similar to hockey or shinny. The stick is about the length of the player's leg and is called the milkitûkûtc while the shuttle, made of sticks and buckskin, is called the yademil.

The Hoopa, or Hupa Valley Indians of what is now part of Humboldt County in California are a culturally significant peoples. Inhabiting the Hoopa Valley, which lies on Trinity River, the culture grew to appreciate and use the surrounding valley to the fullest. A hunting and gathering culture, their agricultural practices and basketry were far beyond many cultures when European settlers came to California. The Hoopa Valley Indians' culture is said to have sprung from the White Deer Yurok, for whom they still have a festival in his honor. Rooted to the land, they also have festivals in honor of their bountiful acorn harvests and the Trinity River which brought them endless supplies of salmon and trout. Today the valley has been ceded to the native people and is now a part of the Hoopa Valley Indian Reservation where their traditions are kept alive while moving forward as a people.


This 107+ year old Item is rated Near Mint / Very Fine. No creases. No natural defects. No surface rub. No tears. No water damage.

  • Product Type: Original Heliogravure; Black / White
  • Grade: Near Mint / Very Fine
  • Dimensions: Approximately 7.5 x 5.75 inches; 19 x 15 cm
  • Authentication: Serial-Numbered Certificate of Authenticity w/ Full Provenance
  • Protection: Packaged in a custom archival sleeve with an acid-free black board (great for display, gift-giving, and preservation)

Keywords specific to this image: Native American, Hupa, Liesure